What is down syndrome?
Down syndrome (DS) is also called Trisomy 21. It is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child mentally and physically develops. Currently, in the United States, it affects 1 in every 800 children born.
How does it affect children?
Kids with Down syndrome often share physical features such as a flat facial profile, an upward slant to the eyes, small ears, and a protruding tongue.
Children with DS often have low muscle tone, called hypotonia. This can improve over time, however children with DS typically reach developmental milestones, such as sitting up, crawling and walking, later than children without DS.
Usually, children with DS are born an average size, but will most likely grow at a slower rate and usually are smaller than their peers. Unfortunately, for toddlers and older kids with DS, they will often have delays in speech and independent skills like dressing, feeding and toilet training.
With proper therapy, children can reach developmental milestones more quickly. Pediatric Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy can help with dressing, toilet training, walking, and fine and gross motor skills. Speech-Language Therapy can help your child with feeding, speech and oral motor function. If you believe your child can benefit from therapy, we can do a free screening. Call us at (619) 578-2232.