Speech Therapy FAQS
What is speech therapy?
A Certified Speech-Language Pathologist works with your child to address speech and/or language deficits or disorders using evidence based practice to guide therapy and goal development. A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.
Speech disorders include:
- Phonological disorders: difficulties producing developmentally-appropriate sounds in isolation, syllables, words, reading, or conversation to the point that familiar and unfamiliar listeners have difficulty understanding what's being said.
- Fluency disorders: problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions (st-st-stuttering), or prolonging sounds and syllables (ssssstuttering).
- Resonance or voice disorders: problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.
- Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders: these include difficulties with drooling, eating, and swallowing.
Language disorders can be either receptive, expressive, or pragmatic/social:
- Receptive disorders: difficulties understanding or processing language.
- Expressive disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary
- Pragmatic disorders: difficulty or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.