Epilepsy | What is it?
Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.
Epilepsy may occur as a result of a genetic disorder or an acquired brain injury, such as a trauma or stroke.
During a seizure, a person experiences abnormal behavior, symptoms, and sensations, sometimes including the loss of consciousness. There are very few symptoms that occut between seizures.
Epilepsy is usually treated by medications and in some cases by surgery, devices, or dietary changes.
It is not uncommon for people with epilepsy, especially children, to develop behavioral and emotional problems. Sometimes these issues are caused by embarrassment or frustration associated with epilepsy. Other problems may result from bullying, teasing, or avoidance in school and other social settings.