ADHD | What is it?
ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a condition with symptoms such as inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. The symptoms differ from person to person, each child is unique. ADHD was formerly called ADD, or Attention Deficit Disorder. Both children and adults can have ADHD, but the symptoms usually begins in childhood. ADHD often begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships, and difficulty at school or work. Adults with ADHD may have trouble managing time, being organized, setting goals, and holding down a job, so it is important to address these issues early on through therapy.
Children with ADHD show signs of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity in specific ways. These children:
- Are in constant motion
- Squirm and fidget
- Do not seem to listen
- Have trouble playing quietly
- Often talk excessively
- Interrupt or intrude on others
- Are easily distracted
- Do not finish tasks
There are 3 Types of ADHD in Children
Doctors may classify symptoms as the following types of ADHD:
- Hyperactive/impulsive type. Children show both hyperactive and impulsive behavior, but for the most part, they are able to pay attention.
- Inattentive type. Formerly called attention deficit disorder (ADD). These children are not overly active. They do not disrupt the classroom or other activities, so their symptoms might not be noticed.
- Combined type (inattentive/hyperactive/impulsive). Children with this type of ADHD show all three symptoms. This is the most common form of ADHD.
ADHD | Occupational Therapy Interventions
A Pediatric Occupational Therapist can help children with ADHD improve certain skills, such as:
- Physical coordination
- Ability to do everyday tasks -- such as take a shower, organize their backpack, or make their bed -- quickly and well
- Control their “energy” levels, hyperactivity, etc.